Virginia (State)

Commonwealth of Virginia
Coordinates 38°N, 79°W
Surface 110,862 km²
(7.4% water)
Inhabitants 8,096.604
(79 inhabitants/km²)
Capital city Richmond
Governor Glenn Youngkin (R)
Time zone Eastern Standard Time (UTC−5)
Joined June 25, 1788
Nickname Old Dominion
Song Our Great Virginia
ISO 3166-2 US-VA

Map of Virginia from 1630

Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, [a] is one of the states of the United States. The name is a reference to Queen Elizabeth I of England, The Virgin Queen. Virginia is the oldest of the thirteen colonies that would form the United States in the 18th century and played an important role in the country’s early history. The state’s nickname is “Old Dominion”. The capital is Richmond.


The state of Virginia covers 110,862 km², of which 102,642 km² is land. The highest point of the state is 1726 m.

According to JIBIN123.COM, Virginia is bordered to the northwest by West Virginia, to the northeast by Maryland and the District of Columbia, to the west by Kentucky, and to the south by Tennessee and North Carolina.

The west of the state is dominated by the Appalachians, while the east is fairly flat. The Maryland border partially coincides with the Potomac River, which opens into Chesapeake Bay. The southeast of the state is located on this bay and on the Atlantic Ocean. A portion of the Delmarva Peninsula, on the other side of the bay, belongs to Virginia but is not connected to it by land.

Demography and Economics

The Pentagon in Arlington Virginia, with Washington DC in the background.

Virginia had 7,078,515 inhabitants (64 per km²), of which about 69% of the population lives in an urban area. Part of the US capital’s metropolitan area, Arlington, separated by the Potomac River, is attached to Washington DC and is located in the state of Virginia. The Pentagon is also located here. Due to the short distance to Washington DC, Virginia has a relatively large number of federal government agencies. Langley, for example, is home to the CIA headquarters. Also Washington Dulles International Airport and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airportare in the state. Other important cities are Norfolk and the capital Richmond.

List of counties in Virginia

According to COUNTRYAAH, the US state of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 38 independent cities. These independent cities do not belong to a county, but can act as the capital of an adjacent county, which is the case with 14 counties. Virginia is one of the few US states where cities can have these powers.

Counties and Independent Cities of Virginia. Note: There are 40 more independent cities on the map. However, in 2001, the city of Clifton Forge decided to give up its independence and rejoin Alleghany County.

The capitals marked with * are independent cities and do not belong to the county.

County Inhabitants
July 1, 2007
County Seat Residents
July 1, 2007
Accomack 38.485 Accomac 529
Albemarle 93.117 Charlottesville * 41.228
Alleghany 16.387 Covington * 6168
Amelia 12.686 Amelia Courthouse
Amherst 32.223 Amherst 2208
Appomattox 14.199 Appomattox 1726
Arlington 204.568 Arlington 204.568
Augusta 70.922 Staunton * 23.834
Bath 4635 Warm Springs
Bedford 66.750 Bedford * 6286
Bland 6883 Bland
Botetourt 32.005 Fincastle 353
Brunswick 17.811 Lawrenceville 1342
Buchanan 23.900 Grundy 975
Buckingham 15.932 Buckingham
Campbell 52.840 Rustburg 1313
Caroline 27.282 Bowling Green 1018
Carroll 29.120 Hillsville 2665
Charles City 7166 Charles City
Charlotte 12.333 Charlotte Court House 440
Chesterfield 299.689 Chesterfield
Court House
Clarke 14.361 Berryville 3157
Craig 5141 New Castle 172
Culpeper 45.723 Culpeper 13.497
Cumberland 9626 Cumberland
Dickenson 16.168 Clintwood 1503
Dinwiddie 25.747 Dinwiddie
Essex 10.862 Tappahannock 2172
Fairfax 1.010.241 Fairfax * 23.349
Fauqier 66.328 Warrenton 8877
Floyd 14.641 Floyd 433
Fluvanna 25.329 Palmyra
Franklin 51.133 Rocky Mount 4544
Frederick 72.880 Winchester * 25.733
Giles 17.228 Pearisburg 2766
Gloucester 38.336 Gloucester
Goochland 20.615 Goochland
Grayson 16.072 Independence 903
Greene 17.860 Stanardsville 501
Greensville 11.912 Emporia * 5619
Halifax 35.530 Halifax 1272
Hanover 98.946 Hanover
Henrico 289.822 Richmond * 200.123
Henry 55.544 Martinsville * 14.578
Highland 2446 Monterey 145
Isle of Wight 35.035 Isle of Wight
James City 61.195 Williamsburg * 12.434
King and Queen 6882 King and Queen
Court House
King George 22.630 King George
King William 15.689 King William
Lancaster 11.532 Lancaster
Lee 23.461 Jonesville 969
Loudoun 278.797 Leesburg 38.465
Louisa 31.961 Louisa 1549
Lunenburg 13.018 Lunenburg
Madison 13.719 Madison 215
Mathews 9041 Mathews
Mecklenburg 32.106 Boydton 459
Middlesex 10.637 Greets
Montgomery 89.193 Christiansburg 19.176
Nelson 14.245 Lovingston
New Kent 17.109 New Kent
Northampton 13.401 Eastville 193
Northumberland 12.897 Heathsville
Nottoway 15.755 Nottoway
Orange 32.492 Orange 4580
Page 24.142 Luray 4858
Patrick 18.870 Stuart 1441
Pittsylvania 60.826 Chatham 1267
Powhatan 27.817 Powhatan
Prince Edward 21.360 Farmville 7172
Prince George 35.886 Prince George
Prince William 360.411 Manassas * 35.412
Pulaski 35.060 Pulaski 9047
Rappahannock 7199 Washington 174
Richmond 9171 Warsaw 1361
Roanoke 90.420 Roanoke * 92.600
Rockbridge 21.498 Lexington * 7026
Rockingham 73.524 Harrisonburg * 44.039
Russell 28.838 Lebanon 3177
Scott 22.787 Gate City 2056
Shenandoah 40.403 Woodstock 4265
Smyth 32.050 Marion 6048
Southampton 17.654 Courtland 1248
Spotsylvania 119.194 Spotsylvania
Stafford 120.723 Stafford
Surry 7089 Surry 253
Sussex 12.222 Sussex
Tazewell 43.855 Tazewell 4288
Warren 36.294 Front Royal 14.565
Washington 52.733 Abingdon 7968
Westmoreland 17.252 Montross 309
Wise 41.666 Wise 3237
Wythe 28.538 Wytheville 8109
York 61.271 Yorktown 220


Thomas Jefferson ‘s Monticello Estate is a World Heritage Site.

Virginia is one of four states, along with Kentucky, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania, that call themselves a commonwealth because of their colonial histories. Legally this makes no difference to other states but many Virginians pride themselves on living not in a state but in a commonwealth. In addition to the nickname Old Dominion, the state is also called the Mother of Presidents because eight presidents came from this state. During the Civil War, the name The Cavalier State was also used and the sports teams of the University of Virginiastill call themselves Cavaliers.

Since 1969, tourism has been promoted with the slogan Virginia is for Lovers. Originally, the idea was to use three slogans Virginia is for History Lovers, Virginia is for Beach Lovers, and Virginia is for Mountain Lovers. The state is now best known for its history, concerning the origin of the United States. In the 19th century, it was previously known for its natural beauty. Due to its role in the early history of the United States, there are many historical sites to be found.

Two historical novels are set in the state, The Wettest County in the World about moonshiners during Prohibition and The Confessions of Nat Turner about the slave revolt of 1831. In 1881, Thomas Jefferson published the book Notes on the State of Virginia in which he described the landscape., describes the economy and society of Virginia. He also discusses his ideas about the ideal society and slavery.


Virginia Capitol.

The executive branch of the state is headed by a governor, who is directly elected by the voters in the state. Glenn Youngkin of the Republican Party has been the governor of the state of Virginia since January 15, 2022.

The legislature is made up of the Virginia House of Delegates (Virginia House of Delegates) with 100 members and the Senate of Virginia (Senate of Virginia) with 40 members. The Parliament of Virginia is the oldest parliament in the New World still in use. It was founded in 1609, but at that time it still consisted partly of elected and non-elected members.

Virginia was long a solid Republican state, but has become increasingly liberal in recent years. The fact that many progressive suburbs of the capital Washington are located in Virginia plays a major role in this. In the 2016 presidential election, Virginia was the only one of the former Confederate States to vote for Hillary Clinton.

Flag of Virginia