Tennessee (State)

State of Tennessee
Coordinates 36°N, 86°W
General
Surface 109,247 km²
(2.2% water)
Inhabitants 6,346,105
(60 inhabitants/km²)
Capital city Nashville
Politics
Governor Bill Lee (R)
Other
Time zone −5/6 _ _
Joined June 1, 1796
Nickname Volunteer State
Website tn.gov

Tennessee (Cherokee: ᏔᎾᏏ ta-na-si) is a state in the southeastern United States, of which Nashville is the capital. The standard abbreviation is TN.

The moniker, “Volunteer State,” came about in the first half of the 1800s because the state provided many volunteers for the War of 1812 (particularly during the Battle of New Orleans) and the Mexican-American War. During the American Civil War, most of the Union and Confederate soldiers came from Tennessee.

History

The area that is now called Tennessee was already around 10,000 years BC. inhabited by the Paleo Indians. The first Europeans were the Spanish conquistadors who explored the Mississippi area in the 16th century . Ao Hernando de Soto, Tristan de Luna and Juan Pardo. Pardo was the one who described a village called Tanasqui from which the name Tennessee is derived. The area was probably depopulated by European diseases after which the Cherokee took it. In 1757, British settlers in the east build a temporary settlement called Fort Loudoun. After that time, the area was increasingly visited by hunters, so that it was also better mapped.

In 1772 a group of Englishmen founded the Watauga Association. This was a free republic in the far northeast of Tennessee. This is seen as the first piece of free United States. In 1776 it was annexed by North Carolina.

The American Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. East Tennessee was then officially assigned to North Carolina. In 1784, eight counties (again in the far east of what is now Tennessee) declared independence and formed the State of Franklin. This area would merge into the newly formed Southwest Territory in 1790. Tennessee became the 16th state of the United States in 1796.

Davy Crockett represented the state in the United States Congress from 1833 to 1835.

Folk hero Davy Crockett grew up in the eastern part of the state as a fighter, storyteller and head of a militia. From 1833 to 1835 he represented Tennessee in the United States House of Representatives. When Andrew Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act, he was one of the opponents. This act deported the Cherokee to areas west of the Mississippi.

During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the state sided with the Confederate States. The state was divided on this and Tennessee was the last state to switch to the Confederacy. The East tried to form another separate state and join the Union. Tennessee provided the most soldiers for both the Confederacy and the Union. Because the state was on the border and a number of supply routes ran from Tennessee to Mississippi and Alabama, a number of important battles were fought in this state. Including the Tullahoma Campaign, the Battle of Stones River, the Chattanooga Campaign, and theSecond Battle of Franklin. After the Civil War, Tennessee became the first Confederate state to be re-admitted to the United States. This happened in 1866.

In 1933, during the Great Depression and under the New Deal, the Tennessee Valley Authority was created. The purpose of this government agency was to build a number of dams in order to provide not only electricity but also employment. This immediately made the state the largest producer of electricity. In 1942, this was a reason to set up the Oak Ridge National Laboratory here, which was part of the Manhattan Project.

Geography

Tennessee Population Density

The Great Smoky Mountains in the east of the state

According to TRACKAAH, the state of Tennessee covers 109,247 km², of which 106,846 km² is land. That corresponds approximately to one and a half times the Benelux. The west of the state is in the Central time zone, the east in the Eastern time zone. The south of the state is included in the Sunbelt.

The east of the state is mountainous and lies in the Appalachians. The Clingmans Dome is also located here, the top of which is the highest point in the state at 2025 m. This section is also known as the Great Smoky Mountains. The west of the state is flatter.

The major rivers are the Tennessee, which bisects the state first from north to south and then from south to north, and the Cumberland, which flows to the north.

Tennessee is bordered to the north by the states of Kentucky and Virginia, to the northwest by Missouri, to the southwest by Arkansas, to the east by North Carolina, and to the south by Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia.

Geographically, culturally, and administratively, Tennessee is divided into three regions (Grand Divisions): West Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, and East Tennessee. East Tennessee is dominated by the Appalachians and is separated from Central Tennessee by the Cumberland Plateau and the time zone boundary. Central Tennessee has rolling hills. West Tennessee is located in the Mississippi lowlands. The state’s five-member Supreme Court may have up to two judges from each of its three parts and must meet regularly in each region.

Major cities are Memphis (the largest city), Nashville (the capital), Knoxville, Chattanooga, and Clarksville.

Music

Beale Street in Memphis, where the blues originated

Elvis Presley lived most of his life in Memphis

Tennessee has played a huge role in the music world. The state is known for blues, rock and roll, country music, and rockabilly. For example, Beale Street in Memphis is seen as the place where the blues originated. The same city is also home to Sun Records, where some of the big names in the music world started their careers, such as Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash and Roy Orbison.

Nashville is called the capital of country music, partly because of the radio program Grand Ole Opry that has been broadcast since 1927. The town of Bristol, which lies on the border with Virginia, is considered the birthplace of this music genre.

Norris is home to the open-air cultural and historical museum ‘ Museum of Appalachia ‘, with a collection of all kinds of artists, including a permanent exhibition by Uncle Dave Macon.

Economy

The main sectors of the economy are agriculture (especially soy), livestock, industry (Volkswagen has a factory), electricity and tourism. The tourists mainly come for the national parks in the east of the state and for the museums about music history such as Graceland.

Jack Daniel’s whiskey is perhaps the state’s most famous product. In addition, FedEx is headquartered in Memphis.

Administrative division

According to COUNTRYAAH, TTennessee is divided into three regions (called Grand Divisions) and 95 counties.

County Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
County Seat Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
Anderson 73.471 Clinton 9541
Bedford 44.062 Shelbyville 19.477
Benton 12.267 Camden 3679
Bledsoe 13.084 Pikeville 1887
Blount 119.855 Maryville 26.766
Bradley 95.443 Cleveland 39.190
Campbell 40.771 Jacksboro 2035
Cannon 13.432 Woodbury 2542
Carroll 28.919 Huntingdon 4155
Carter 59.198 Elizabethton 13.925
Cheatham 39.112 Ashland City 4538
Chester 16.142 Henderson 6315
Claiborne 31.270 Tazewell 2145
Clay 7870 Celina 1349
Cocke 35.337 Newport 7449
Coffee 51.741 Manchester 9803
Crockett 12.233 Alamo 2326
Cumberland 53.040 Crossville 11.268
Davidson 619.626 Nashville 590.807
Decatur 11.339 Decaturville 826
DeKalb 18.436 Smithville 4305
Dickson 47.366 Charlotte 1166
Dyer 37.684 Dyersburg 17.250
Fayette 37.193 Somerville 2931
Fentress 17.420 Jamestown 1892
Franklin 41.207 Winchester 7837
Gibson 48.553 Trenton 4500
Giles 29.024 Pulaski 7813
Grainger 22.546 Rutledge 1275
Greene 65.971 Greeneville 15.446
Grunby 14.275 Altamont 1117
Hamblen 61.829 Morristown 27.432
Hamilton 330.168 Chattanooga 169.884
Hancock 6733 Sneedville 1323
Hardeman 27.834 Bolivar 5610
Hardin 26.061 Savannah 7262
Hawkins 57.054 Rogersville 4321
Haywood 19.126 Brownsville 10.384
Henderson 26.749 Lexington 7804
Henry 31.630 Paris 9920
Hickman 23.768 Centerville 3978
Houston 8075 Erin 1452
Humphreys 18.173 Waverly 4157
Jackson 10.791 Gainesboro 841
Jefferson 50.221 Dandridge 2557
Johnson 18.107 Mountain City 2408
Knox 423.874 Knoxville 183.546
Lake 7411 Tiptonville 4039
Lauderdale 26.700 Ripley 7678
Lawrence 40.887 Lawrenceburg 10.783
Lewis 11.591 Hohenwald 3822
Lincoln 32.731 Fayetteville 7091
Loudon 45.448 Loudon 4821
Macon 21.561 Lafayette 4333
Madison 96.518 Jackson 63.196
Marion 28.138 Jasper 3118
Marshall 29.179 Lewisburg 10.856
Maury 79.966 Columbia 33.983
McMinn 52.131 Athens 14.128
McNairy 25.595 Selmer 4666
Meigs 11.657 Decatur 1456
Monroe 44.848 Madisonville 4556
Montgomery 154.460 Clarksville 119.284
Moore 6119 Lynchburg 6119
Morgan 20.365 Wartburg 916
Obion 31.633 Union City 10.643
Overton 20.975 Livingston 3547
Perry 7671 Linden 993
Pickett 4762 Byrdstown 865
Polk 15.678 Benton 1130
Putnam 69.916 Cookeville 28.901
Rhea 30.328 Dayton 6659
Roane 53.399 Kingston 5524
Robertson 63.333 Springfield 16.877
Rutherford 241.462 Murfreesboro 98.406
Scott 21.973 Huntsville 1031
Sequatchie 13.369 Dunlap 4943
Sevier 83.527 Sevierville 16.051
Shelby 910.100 Memphis 674.028
Smith 18.845 Carthage 2227
Stewart 13.087 Dover 1575
Sullivan 153.519 Blountville 2970
Sumner 152.721 Gallatin 28.747
Tipton 57.686 Covington 9094
Trousdale 7727 Hartsville 7727
Unicoi 17.699 Erwin 5809
Union 18.877 Maynardville 1886
Van Buren 5437 Spencer 1685
Warren 39.690 McMinnville 13.206
Washington 116.657 Jonesborough 5046
Wayne 16.657 Waynesboro 2126
Weakley 33.227 Dresden 2631
White 24.895 Sparta 4892
Williamson 166.128 Franklin 57.380
Wilson 106.356 Lebanon 24.103

Politics

The Tennessee State Capitol where both houses of parliament meet

The executive branch of the state is headed by a governor, who is directly elected by the voters in the state. The 2018 gubernatorial election was won by Republican Party Bill Lee. He took office as governor of Tennessee in January 2019.

The legislature consists of the Tennessee House of Representatives (Tennessee House of Representatives) with 99 members and the Tennessee Senate (Tennessee Senate) with 33 members.

During the US presidential election, residents usually vote for the Republican candidate by majority.

Tennessee House of Representatives (2015)26

73

26 73

The 99 seats are distributed as follows:

■ Democratic: 26

■ Republican: 73

Tennessee Senate
(2015)5285 28The 33 seats are distributed as follows:

■ Democratic: 5

■ Republican: 28

Flag of Tennessee