|State of Tennessee|
|Governor||Bill Lee (R)|
|Time zone||−5/6 _ _|
|Joined||June 1, 1796|
Tennessee (Cherokee: ᏔᎾᏏ ta-na-si) is a state in the southeastern United States, of which Nashville is the capital. The standard abbreviation is TN.
The moniker, “Volunteer State,” came about in the first half of the 1800s because the state provided many volunteers for the War of 1812 (particularly during the Battle of New Orleans) and the Mexican-American War. During the American Civil War, most of the Union and Confederate soldiers came from Tennessee.
The area that is now called Tennessee was already around 10,000 years BC. inhabited by the Paleo Indians. The first Europeans were the Spanish conquistadors who explored the Mississippi area in the 16th century . Ao Hernando de Soto, Tristan de Luna and Juan Pardo. Pardo was the one who described a village called Tanasqui from which the name Tennessee is derived. The area was probably depopulated by European diseases after which the Cherokee took it. In 1757, British settlers in the east build a temporary settlement called Fort Loudoun. After that time, the area was increasingly visited by hunters, so that it was also better mapped.
In 1772 a group of Englishmen founded the Watauga Association. This was a free republic in the far northeast of Tennessee. This is seen as the first piece of free United States. In 1776 it was annexed by North Carolina.
The American Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. East Tennessee was then officially assigned to North Carolina. In 1784, eight counties (again in the far east of what is now Tennessee) declared independence and formed the State of Franklin. This area would merge into the newly formed Southwest Territory in 1790. Tennessee became the 16th state of the United States in 1796.
Davy Crockett represented the state in the United States Congress from 1833 to 1835.
Folk hero Davy Crockett grew up in the eastern part of the state as a fighter, storyteller and head of a militia. From 1833 to 1835 he represented Tennessee in the United States House of Representatives. When Andrew Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act, he was one of the opponents. This act deported the Cherokee to areas west of the Mississippi.
During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the state sided with the Confederate States. The state was divided on this and Tennessee was the last state to switch to the Confederacy. The East tried to form another separate state and join the Union. Tennessee provided the most soldiers for both the Confederacy and the Union. Because the state was on the border and a number of supply routes ran from Tennessee to Mississippi and Alabama, a number of important battles were fought in this state. Including the Tullahoma Campaign, the Battle of Stones River, the Chattanooga Campaign, and theSecond Battle of Franklin. After the Civil War, Tennessee became the first Confederate state to be re-admitted to the United States. This happened in 1866.
In 1933, during the Great Depression and under the New Deal, the Tennessee Valley Authority was created. The purpose of this government agency was to build a number of dams in order to provide not only electricity but also employment. This immediately made the state the largest producer of electricity. In 1942, this was a reason to set up the Oak Ridge National Laboratory here, which was part of the Manhattan Project.
According to JIBIN123.COM, the state of Tennessee covers 109,247 km², of which 106,846 km² is land. That corresponds approximately to one and a half times the Benelux. The west of the state is in the Central time zone, the east in the Eastern time zone. The south of the state is included in the Sunbelt.
The east of the state is mountainous and lies in the Appalachians. The Clingmans Dome is also located here, the top of which is the highest point in the state at 2025 m. This section is also known as the Great Smoky Mountains. The west of the state is flatter.
The major rivers are the Tennessee, which bisects the state first from north to south and then from south to north, and the Cumberland, which flows to the north.
Tennessee is bordered to the north by the states of Kentucky and Virginia, to the northwest by Missouri, to the southwest by Arkansas, to the east by North Carolina, and to the south by Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia.
Geographically, culturally, and administratively, Tennessee is divided into three regions (Grand Divisions): West Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, and East Tennessee. East Tennessee is dominated by the Appalachians and is separated from Central Tennessee by the Cumberland Plateau and the time zone boundary. Central Tennessee has rolling hills. West Tennessee is located in the Mississippi lowlands. The state’s five-member Supreme Court may have up to two judges from each of its three parts and must meet regularly in each region.
Major cities are Memphis (the largest city), Nashville (the capital), Knoxville, Chattanooga, and Clarksville.
Beale Street in Memphis, where the blues originated
Elvis Presley lived most of his life in Memphis
Tennessee has played a huge role in the music world. The state is known for blues, rock and roll, country music, and rockabilly. For example, Beale Street in Memphis is seen as the place where the blues originated. The same city is also home to Sun Records, where some of the big names in the music world started their careers, such as Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash and Roy Orbison.
Nashville is called the capital of country music, partly because of the radio program Grand Ole Opry that has been broadcast since 1927. The town of Bristol, which lies on the border with Virginia, is considered the birthplace of this music genre.
Norris is home to the open-air cultural and historical museum ‘ Museum of Appalachia ‘, with a collection of all kinds of artists, including a permanent exhibition by Uncle Dave Macon.
The main sectors of the economy are agriculture (especially soy), livestock, industry (Volkswagen has a factory), electricity and tourism. The tourists mainly come for the national parks in the east of the state and for the museums about music history such as Graceland.
Jack Daniel’s whiskey is perhaps the state’s most famous product. In addition, FedEx is headquartered in Memphis.
According to COUNTRYAAH, TTennessee is divided into three regions (called Grand Divisions) and 95 counties.
1 July, 2007
1 July, 2007
The Tennessee State Capitol where both houses of parliament meet
The executive branch of the state is headed by a governor, who is directly elected by the voters in the state. The 2018 gubernatorial election was won by Republican Party Bill Lee. He took office as governor of Tennessee in January 2019.
The legislature consists of the Tennessee House of Representatives (Tennessee House of Representatives) with 99 members and the Tennessee Senate (Tennessee Senate) with 33 members.
During the US presidential election, residents usually vote for the Republican candidate by majority.
|Tennessee House of Representatives (2015)26
The 99 seats are distributed as follows:
■ Democratic: 26
■ Republican: 73
(2015)5285 28The 33 seats are distributed as follows:■ Democratic: 5■ Republican: 28