New York (State)

State of New York
Coordinates 43°NB, 75°WL
Surface 141.205 km²
(13,3% water)
Residents 19.465.197
(159 inhabitants/km²)
Capital city Albany
Governor Kathy Hochul (D)
Time zone Eastern Standard Time (UTC−5)
Joined 26 July 1788
Nickname Empire State
ISO 3166-2 US-NY

New York is one of the states of the United States. The standard abbreviation for the “Empire State”, as it is nicknamed, is NY. The capital is Albania. The state belongs to the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the seventh most populous state in the country. New York shares its borders with the states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state also has a maritime border with the state of Rhode Island east of Long Island. New York also borders the Canadian provinces of Ontario to the west and Quebec to the north. The state is often referred to as New York State to distinguish it from the city of the same name, New York, which is then referred to as New York City.

New York (City) is the largest city in the state and in the entire United States. It is historically known as a gateway for immigrants entering the United States through Ellis Island and also for its financial, cultural, and industrial status. Both the state and the city were named after James Stuart, the 17th-century Duke of York who later became King James II of England.

According to JIBIN123.COM, New York was inhabited by the indigenous Algonquin, Iroquois and Lenni-Lenape peoples at the beginning of the seventeenth century, when the Dutch and French settled in the region. The area was first officially claimed by Henry Hudson in 1609, after which Dutch forts were established near Fort Oranje in 1614, not far from the current capital Albany. The Dutch colonized the areas of Albany and Manhattan in 1624 and the British then annexed Manhattan and the colony in 1664.

The boundaries of the British colony called County of New York were very similar to those of the present state. About a third of all battles of the American Revolutionary War took place in New York. The state declared its independence on July 9, 1776, and ratified its constitution in 1777. On July 26, 1788, the state of New York, as the 11th state of the United States, ratified the United States Constitution.


The area now called New York State was first colonized by the Dutch, who founded Fort Nassau and later Fort Oranje at what is now Albany. They also founded New Amsterdam on the island of Manhattan. In the 1660s, the English took power, after which they renamed New Amsterdam New York, in honor of the Duke of York.

New York was one of thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the 18th century. Because the capital New York remained in English hands during the uprising, Kingston became the provisional capital of the rebellious colony of New York in 1777. George Clinton became the first governor.

On July 26, 1788, New York formally became the 11th state of the United States.

Geography of New York

New York State covers 141,205 km², of which 122,409 km² is land. The highest point is the summit of Mount Marcy at 1,629 m above sea level.

New York is bordered to the north and west by Canada and Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. It borders the states of Pennsylvania and New Jersey to the south, and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east.

New York is rich in lakes and rivers. The large Lake Champlain forms part of the border with Vermont. The main river is the Hudson, which rises in the state and flows into the Atlantic Ocean near New York City . Also known are the Niagara Falls on the border with Canada. The main islands are Manhattan, Long Island and Staten Island.

Demography and Economics

Population gradient
Year Population
1790 340.120
1800 589.051 73,2%
1810 959.049 62,8%
1820 1.372.851 43,1%
1830 1.918.608 39,8%
1840 2.428.921 26,6%
1850 3.097.394 27,5%
1860 3.880.735 25,3%
1870 4.382.759 12,9%
1880 5.082.871 16,0%
1890 5.997.853 18,0%
1900 7.268.894 21,2%
1910 9.113.614 25,4%
1920 10.385.227 14,0%
1930 12.588.066 21,2%
1940 13.479.142 7,1%
1950 14.830.192 10,0%
1960 16.782.304 13,2%
1970 18.236.967 8,7%
1980 17.558.072 -3,7%
1990 17.990.455 2,5%
2000 18.976.457 5,5%
2006 19.306.183 1,7%

New York City had a population of 18,976,457 (134 per km²), making it the third-largest state in population after California and Texas. New York’s economy is the second largest in the US after California. The gross product of the state in 1999 was $755 billion. Agriculture and industry are not unimportant, but New York – especially the city of New York – is nevertheless best known as the financial center of the world (see New York Stock Exchange and Wall Street).

Because the metropolitan city of New York in the southernmost part of the state is so different from the rest of the state, the area north of the city is often referred to as Upstate New York. Upstate New York is more rural, more sparsely populated, and more politically conservative than New York City.

The major cities in the state are New York, Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse and the state capital Albany. The West Point Military Academy is located in the town of the same name. The state is in the Eastern time zone.

New York is a slow-growing state, with a high immigrant population. In New York, 15.8% are African American, 14.4% are of Italian background, 14.2% are Hispanic (often referred to as Latinos), 12.9% are Irish, and 11.1% have their roots in England.

The religious affiliations of the New York population:

  • Christen – 68%
    • Roman Catholic – 38%
    • Baptist – 7%
    • Methodist – 6%
    • Presbyterianist – 2%
    • Episcopalist – 2%
    • Lutheran – 2%
    • Pentecostal Christian – 2%
    • Anders – 9%
  • Jewish – 9%
  • Muslim – 2%
  • Buddhist – 1%
  • Other religious – 4%
  • Non-believer – 13%

Administrative division

According to COUNTRYAAH, New York is divided into 62 counties.

County Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
County Seat Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
Albany 299.307 Albany 94.172
Allegany 49.637 Belmont 886
Bronx 1.373.659 New York 8.274.527
Broome 195.973 Binghamton 45.020
Cattaraugus 80.087 Little Valley 1054
Cayuga 80.066 Auburn 27.317
Chautauqua 133.945 Mayville 1689
Chemung 88.015 Elmira 29.437
Chenango 51.207 Norwich 7056
Clinton 82.215 Plattsburgh 19.444
Columbia 62.363 Hudson 6864
Cortland 48.369 Cortland 18.382
Delaware 46.286 Delhi 2716
Dutchess 292.746 Poughkeepsie 29.633
Erie 913.338 Buffalo 272.632
Essex 38.119 Elizabethtown
Franklin 50.449 Malone 5813
Fulton 55.114 Johnstown 8446
Genesee 58.122 Batavia 15.271
Greene 49.246 Catskill 4258
Hamilton 5075 Lake Pleasant
Herkimer 62.558 Herkimer 7028
Jefferson 117.201 Watertown 27.443
Kings 2.528.050 New York 8.274.527
Lewis 26.472 Lowville 3215
Livingston 63.196 Geneseo 7660
Madison 69.829 Wampsville 569
Monroe 729.681 Rochester 206.759
Montgomery 48.695 Fonda 770
Nassau 1.306.533 Mineola 18.478
New York 1.620.867 New York 8.274.527
Niagara 214.845 Lockport 20.770
Oneida 232.304 Utica 58.475
Onondaga 454.010 Syracuse 139.079
Ontario 103.956 Canandaigua 11.185
Orange 377.169 Goshen 5549
Orleans 42.371 Albion 5596
Oswego 121.454 Oswego 17.389
Otsego 62.397 Cooperstown 1912
Putnam 99.489 Carmel
Queens 2.270.338 New York 8.274.527
Rensselaer 155.318 Troy 47.744
Richmond 481.613 New York 8.274.527
Rockland 296.483 New City
Saratoga 215.852 Ballston Spa 5486
Schenectady 150.818 Schenectady 61.531
Schoharie 32.063 Schoharie 999
Schuyler 19.027 Watkins Glen 2045
Seneca 34.228 Ovid
St. Lawrence 109.809 Canton 6056
Steuben 96.874 Bath 5451
Suffolk 1.453.229 Riverhead
Sullivan 76.303 Monticello 6545
Tioga 50.453 Owego 3700
Tompkins 101.055 Ithaca 29.974
Ulster 181.860 Kingston 22.620
Warren 66.143 Queensbury
Washington 62.743 Fort Edward 3035
Wayne 91.291 Lyons 3425
Westchester 951.325 White Plains 57.398
Wyoming 41.932 Warsaw 3651
Yates 24.557 Penn Yan 5156


The executive branch of New York State is headed by a governor, who is directly elected by voters in the state. In 2010, Andrew Cuomo of the Democratic Party was elected governor of the state. On August 10, 2021, he announced his resignation after allegations of sexual harassment. Two weeks later, he was succeeded by Deputy Governor Kathy Hochul, becoming New York’s first female governor.

The legislature consists of the New York People ‘s Assembly (New York State Assembly) with 150 members and the New York Senate (New York State Senate) with 62 members.

Flag of New York