New Hampshire (State)

State of New Hampshire
Coordinates 44°0’NB, 71°30’WL
General
Surface 24.239 km²
(4,1% water)
Residents 1.318.194
(56.8 inhabitants/km²)
Capital city Concord
Politics
Governor Chris Sununu (R)
Other
Time zone Eastern Standard Time (UTC−5)
Joined 21 juni 1788
Nickname Granite State
Website nh.gov

New Hampshire is one of the fifty states of the United States of America, located in the northeast. It is the 5th smallest state by area and with 1.3 million inhabitants the 10th smallest by population.

The state is one of six relatively small states that make up New England. New Hampshire borders Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. In the southeast, the state has a short coastal strip, the Seacoast region. Inland to the south are the Merrimack Valley and the Monadnock Region and further downstream the Lakes Region and the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area. To the north are the White Mountainsof New Hampshire, and in the far north the sparsely populated Great North Woods. Mount Washington (1917 m) in the White Mountains is the highest peak in New England. The Connecticut River forms the border with Vermont, the Merrimack bisects New Hampshire to the south. The state is very wooded.

Before the European colonization of the Americas, several Abenaki Indian tribes lived in the area. The English and French explored the area in the early 17th century and in 1623 the English colonized New Hampshire. In 1776, during the American Revolutionary War, it was the first British colony in North America to establish its own government and constitution, free from British rule. Later that same year, New Hampshire became one of the thirteen colonies of the United States.

Most New Hampshireites live in the far south, where it is easy to commute to Massachusetts and more specifically to Boston. The largest cities are Manchester (109,565 inhabitants) and Nashua (86,494) and the capital Concord (42,695). The population is relatively homogeneous, with 94% whites, mainly of Irish, English and French origin. New Hampshire is one of the wealthiest states in the country. Until the early 20th century, New Hampshire had large textile and paper industries, but these were lost in the 1930s and 40s. In 2018, the largest sectors are real estate, business services, industry, government, and healthcare and welfare. Tourists visit New Hampshire for mountain hikingor to do winter sports.

New Hampshire is known for hosting a presidential primary every four years as the second state. Because of the enormous attention, this primary has an extremely large influence on the further follow-up of the primaries. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the state voted Republican in most elections, but New Hampshire has been a swing state since 1992.

History

The area now called the state of New Hampshire was colonized as early as 1623, just three years after the Pilgrims landed in Massachusetts . It is named after the English county of Hampshire.

New Hampshire was one of thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the 18th century (see: American Revolution). In January 1776, it was the first state to declare complete independence from the British. On June 21, 1788, New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution. During the American Civil War, New Hampshire sided with the Union.

In 1944 an international conference was held in Bretton Woods, at which the financial arrangement of the free world was arranged. Establishment of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

New Hampshire became the fourth state in the United States to legalize same-sex marriage in 2009.

Geography

The state of New Hampshire covers 24,239 km², of which 23,249 km² is land. The state is in the Eastern time zone.

New Hampshire is located on the Atlantic Ocean, although the coastline is only 25 kilometers long. It borders Canada to the north , Vermont to the west, Maine to the east, and Massachusetts to the south.

Large parts of the state are mountainous and hilly. About a quarter of New Hampshire is taken up by the White Mountains. In this mountain range is Mount Washington (1917 m), the top of which is the highest point in the state.

The main rivers are the Connecticut River and the Merrimack River.

Demography and Economics

According to TRACKAAH, New Hampshire had 1,235,786 inhabitants (51 per km²). The gross product of the state was $44 billion in 1999.

The largest cities are Manchester and Nashua.

Administrative division

According to COUNTRYAAH, New Hampshire is divided into 10 counties.

County Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
County Seat Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
Belknap 61.048 Laconia 16.950
Carroll 47.380 Ossipee 4669
Cheshire 77.725 Keene 22.893
Coös 32.772 Lancaster 1675
Grafton 85.514 Haverhill 4611
Hillsborough 402.302 Manchester
Nashua
108.874
86.837
Merrimack 148.274 Concord 42.392
Rockingham 296.543 Brentwood 3904
Strafford 121.581 Dover 28.775
Sullivan 42.689 Newport 4218

Politics

The executive branch of the state is headed by a governor, who is directly elected by the voters in the state. Governor elections take place every two years. This is in contrast to almost all other US states, where a term of office for governors is four years. The current governor of New Hampshire is Chris Sununu of the Republican Party. He was elected in 2016 and inaugurated in January 2017. He was re-elected in 2018.

The legislature consists of the New Hampshire House of Representatives (New Hampshire House of Representatives) with 400 members and the New Hampshire Senate (New Hampshire Senate) with 24 members. This number of members is high compared to other states. They receive only a small allowance and are thus “volunteers”, most of whom are retired.

Flag of New Hampshire