Determining the etymological origin of the term basal leads us to determine that it is a hodgepodge of Greek and Latin components. Thus, we can make it clear that it is the result of the sum of the Greek noun “basis” and the Latin suffix “-al”, which is synonymous with “relative to”.
Basal is that which is located at the base of a construction or an organic formation. For example: “The governor has laid the foundation stone for what will be the future San Jacinto Hospital”, “I want Gudmonsen to be the cornerstone of this team and for all players to follow suit”, “Wood is the basal component of this artistic work ”.
For biology, basal is the level of activity of an organ function during rest and fasting. The basal temperature, therefore the temperature of the body of a person wakes up after sleeping at the least five hours.
According to DigoPaul, the basal metabolism is known as the minimum value of energy that a cell needs to survive. Cells use this energy in chemical reactions that allow them to perform essential metabolic functions.
In addition to all this, it must be said that the basal metabolism that a person may have depends on many factors. Thus, it is influenced by both your gender and age, without forgetting what your weight, your height and even the percentage of muscle mass you have would be.
It is also interesting to know these other information of interest about this type of metabolism:
- It increases until the person reaches the age of 30, the age at which it stabilizes until the age of 40. After that time, what happens with that is that it decreases.
- People with a greater amount of muscle mass have a higher basal metabolism and this is due, among many other things, to the fact that they need to have more energy in order to maintain muscle.
- In order to calculate the basal metabolism of any person, it is necessary to have three fundamental elements such as the height they have, their age and also their weight in kilos.
The basal ganglia are the accumulations of nerve cell bodies at the base of the brain. These nodes are associated with voluntary movements that are performed unconsciously in everyday tasks.
The basement membrane, for its part, is a cellular layer found at the base of epithelial tissues. With a variable thickness, this membrane acts as a support and physiological filter.
The structure present at the base of eukaryotic undilopodia is called the basal body. The basal bodies serve as nucleation points in the growth of the microtubules of the axoneme.
Within zoology the term basal is also used. Specifically, in this field it is used to refer to a part of what would be the base of the fin that different species of fish have.
Basal, finally, is a notion that in phylogeny refers to the lineage of those who separated early from the members of their group.