Kentucky (State)

 

Commonwealth of Kentucky
Coordinates 38°NB, 85°WL
General
Surface 104.749 km²
(1,7% water)
Residents 4.369.356
(42,5 inhabitants/km²)
Capital city Frankfort
Politics
Governor Andy Beshear (D)
Other
Time zone −5 / −6
Joined 1 juni 1792
Nickname Bluegrass State
Lied My Old Kentucky Home
ISO 3166-2 US-KY
Website kentucky.gov

Kentucky Capitol at night.

Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state of the United States. The capital is Frankfurt.

A nickname for this state is the “Bluegrass State”.

History

The area now known as Kentucky was originally settled by Native American tribes. The name is derived from the Indian Ken-tah-teh, which means “land of tomorrow”. The Iroquois ceded what is now Kentucky and West Virginia to the British in the 1768 Peace Treaty of Fort Stanwix, although the tribes living there (Shawnees, Delawares, and Cherokees) were not represented. In return they received numerous gifts and over 10,000 pounds. For now, the area was part of the state of Virginia. Between 1784 and 1792ten constitutional assemblies were held in Danville. In 1790, Virginia and Kentucky reached an agreement, after which the state formally became a state of the United States on June 1, 1792, as the 15th state. It was then a frontier state.

On May 20, 1861, Kentucky declared itself neutral in the conflict that would become the American Civil War, but in September of the same year, following a Confederate invasion, it explicitly sided with the Union.

Kentucky is one of four states that calls itself a Commonwealth, which is legally the same as a state.

Geography

The state of Kentucky covers 104,749 km², of which 102,989 km² is land. The west of the state is in the Central time zone, the east in the Eastern time zone. Kentucky is bordered to the north by the states of Illinois, Indiana and Ohio, to the west by Missouri, to the east by West Virginia and Virginia and to the south by Tennessee. Kentucky has a small exclave, the Kentucky Bend, which is completely enclosed by Missouri and Tennessee.

The major rivers are the Ohio, which forms the entire northern border, and the Mississippi, which forms almost exactly the western border. Kentucky has many larger and smaller lakes, such as Kentucky Lake, Lake Barkley and Lake Cumberland. The south of the state is the most hilly, with the top of Black Mountain (1262 m) being the highest point. Kentucky is also known for its many caves. The best known is the very large Mammoth Cave.

Demography and Economics

According to TRACKAAH, Kentucky had 4,041,769 inhabitants (39 per km²). The largest cities are Louisville, Lexington and Owensboro. The gross product of the state in 2001 was $120 billion.

Administrative division

According to COUNTRYAAH, Kentucky is divided into 120 counties.

County Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
County Seat Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
Adair 17.830 Columbia 4236
Allen 18.899 Scottsville 4545
Anderson 21.245 Lawrenceburg 9926
Ballard 8307 Wickliffe 793
Barren 41.184 Glasgow 14.202
Bath 11.592 Owingsville 1570
Bell 28.987 Pineville 1980
Boone 112.459 Burlington 13.932
Bourbon 19.756 Paris 9260
Boyd 48.481 Catlettsburg 1966
Boyle 28.664 Danville 15.441
Bracken 8574 Brooksville 568
Breathitt 15.651 Jackson 2371
Breckenridge 19.086 Hardinsburg 2431
Bullitt 73.931 Shepherdsville 9111
Butler 13.256 Morgantown 2568
Caldwell 12.769 Princeton 6350
Calloway 36.189 Murray 16.339
Campbell 86.858 Alexandria
Newport
8477
15.580
Carlisle 5166 Bardwell 769
Carroll 10.527 Carrollton 3887
Carter 27.424 Grayson 3991
Casey 16.169 Liberty 1880
Christian 80.868 Hopkinsville 31.638
Clark 35.550 Winchester 16.572
Clay 23.730 Manchester 1933
Clinton 9536 Albany 2305
Crittenden 9130 Marion 3069
Cumberland 6876 Burkesville 1693
Daviess 93.756 Owensboro 55.398
Edmonson 11.978 Brownsville 1035
Elliott 7139 Sandy Hook 710
Estill 14.975 Irvine 2678
Fayette 279.044 Lexington 279.044
Fleming 14.695 Flemingsburg 2673
Floyd 42.021 Prestonsburg 3846
Franklin 48.425 Frankfort 27.098
Fulton 6795 Hickman 2227
Gallatin 8035 Warsaw 1803
Garrard 17.041 Lancaster 4395
Grant 25.161 Williamstown 3486
Graves 37.557 Mayfield 10.225
Grayson 25.356 Leitchfield 6504
Green 11.572 Greensburg 2395
Greenup 37.270 Greenup 1185
Hancock 8617 Hawesville 978
Hardin 97.949 Elizabethtown 23.777
Harlan 31.065 Harlan 1880
Harrison 18.552 Cynthiana 6272
Hart 18.409 Munfordville 1601
Henderson 45.296 Henderson 27.768
Henry 15.711 New Castle 910
Hickman 4938 Clinton 1331
Hopkins 46.286 Madisonville 19.076
Jackson 13.586 McKee 854
Jefferson 709.264 Louisville 557.789
Jessamine 45.555 Nicholasville 25.854
Johnson 24.012 Paintsville 4108
Kenton 156.675 Covington
Independence
43.062
21.202
Knott 17.280 Hindman 759
Knox 32.528 Barbourville 3576
LaRue 13.661 Hodgenville 2779
Laurel 57.351 London 7933
Lawrence 16.322 Louisa 2071
Lee 7441 Beattyville 1113
Leslie 11.777 Hyden 193
Letcher 24.014 Whitesburg 1489
Lewis 13.885 Vanceburg 1707
Lincoln 25.245 Stanford 3433
Livingston 9610 Smithland 389
Logan 27.129 Russellville 7275
Lyon 8253 Eddyville 2406
Madison 81.103 Richmond 32.333
Magoffin 13.186 Salyersville 1572
Marion 18.933 Lebanon 5931
Marshall 31.258 Benton 4380
Martin 11.644 Inez 436
Mason 17.190 Maysville 9159
McCracken 64.765 Paducah 25.539
McCreary 17.326 Whitley City 1127
McLean 9731 Calhoun 795
Meade 27.270 Brandenburg 2157
Menifee 6764 Frenchburg 564
Mercer 21.814 Harrodsburg 8165
Metcalfe 10.268 Edmonton 1638
Monroe 11.663 Tompkinsville 2634
Montgomery 25.228 Mount Sterling 6782
Morgan 14.236 West Liberty 3338
Muhlenberg 31.341 Greenville 4252
Nelson 42.517 Bardstown 11.150
Nicholas 6889 Carlisle 2104
Ohio 23.560 Hartford 2641
Oldham 55.935 La Grange 6290
Owen 11.390 Owenton 1476
Owsley 4613 Booneville 147
Pendleton 15.058 Falmouth 2076
Perry 29.213 Hazard 4789
Pike 65.544 Pikeville 6288
Powell 13.811 Stanton 3137
Pulaski 60.148 Somerset 12.320
Robertson 2202 Mount Olivet 277
Rockcastle 16.687 Mount Vernon 2595
Rowan 22.559 Morehead 7642
Russell 17.140 Jamestown 1728
Scott 42.954 Georgetown 21.074
Shelby 40.458 Shelbyville 11.173
Simpson 17.070 Franklin 8019
Spencer 16.837 Taylorsville 1208
Taylor 23.917 Campbellsville 10.947
Todd 12.044 Elkton 1961
Trigg 13.401 Cadiz 2596
Trimble 8983 Bedford 741
Union 15.092 Morganfield 3310
Warren 104.023 Bowling Green 54.244
Washington 11.558 Springfield 2863
Wayne 20.637 Monticello 6169
Webster 13.890 Dixon 620
Whitley 38.342 Williamsburg 5180
Wolfe 7043 Campton 408
Woodford 24.314 Versailles 7818

Politics

The executive branch of the state is headed by a governor, who is directly elected by the voters in the state. As of December 2019, this has been Democratic Party ‘s Andy Beshear, who took office following his victory in that year’s gubernatorial election. He is the son of Steve Beshear, who also served as governor of Kentucky from 2007 to 2015. The current Lieutenant Governor is Jacqueline Coleman.

The legislature consists of the Kentucky House of Representatives (Kentucky House of Representatives) with 100 members and the Kentucky Senate (Kentucky Senate) with 38 members.

Flag of Kentucky