Georgia (State)

State of Georgia
Coordinates 33°0’NB, 83°30’WL
General
Surface 154.077 km²
(2,6% water)
Residents 9.992.167
(65,4 inhabitants/km²)
Capital city Atlanta
Politics
Governor Brian Kemp (R)
senators Jon Ossoff (D)
Raphael Warnock (D)
Delegates 8 Republicans
6 Democrats
Other
Time zone Eastern Standard Time (UTC−5)
Joined 2 januari 1788
Nickname Empire State of the South
Peach State
ISO 3166-2 US-GA
Website georgia.gov

Georgia (Dutch, obsolete: Georgia) is one of the states of the United States. The state is one of the thirteen original states and is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was founded as a British colony in 1732.

During the American Revolution, Georgia fought for independence from Great Britain with the twelve other British colonies in North America . It wasn’t until the state parliament ratified the new United States Constitution on January 2, 1788, that Georgia became the fourth state in the Union, after Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. During the American Civil War, Georgia would secede along with six other Southern states on January 19, 1861. During the Civil War, Georgia was a stronghold for the Confederate States of America. Georgia would not be reinstated into the Union until July 15, 1870, even though the Civil War had ended five years earlier.

Georgia is bordered to the north by North Carolina and Tennessee, to the west by Alabama, to the south by Florida and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean and South Carolina. Georgia has been nicknamed the “Empire State of the South” because of its history, although “The Peach State” is often used to refer to this state as well. The capital and largest city is Atlanta. Other major cities are Columbus, Augusta, Macon, Savannah and Athens.

The state covers an area of ​​153,909 km², which makes it about five times the size of Belgium and four times the size of the Netherlands. The state has about ten million inhabitants.

Largest Cities

Atlanta ‘s nighttime skyline

According to TRACKAAH, despite the fact that the majority of residents live in urban areas, Georgia has only a handful of cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants. Atlanta is the largest city in Georgia with 443,775. Columbus is Georgia’s second largest city with a population of 198,413. Augusta has 197,872 inhabitants, Savannah has 142,022 and with 118,999 Athens is Georgia’s fifth city and also the last city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.

However, these figures are distorted as explosive urban growth in the US has led to cities expanding beyond their administrative boundaries. In order to map the entire population of such an agglomeration, the Census Bureau has created the so-called Metropolitan Statistical Areas. These are geographic areas that consider a city and its suburbs as a whole in census records. Including its suburbs, Atlanta had approximately 5.5 million inhabitants in 2012, making it the ninth largest metropolitan city in the US. Columbus swells to 310,000 inhabitants when the entire conurbation is pictured. The population of the small town of Maconin this way it goes from more than 90,000 inhabitants to more than 156,000.

Gays

Given its location in the conservative Deep South, Georgia’s opposition to gay rights is not unique. In 2014, the state still has a constitutional ban on gay couples marrying. However, Public Policy Polling data shows a changing trend. While only 17% supported the adoption of same- sex marriage in 2004, researchers found that share had risen to 27% in 2012 and 32% in 2013. However, despite its socially conservative tradition, Atlanta has developed into one of the most prominent gay cities. 12.8% of all residents identify as gay, leaving Atlanta only San Francisco (15.4%) and Seattle(12.9%) must give way. [16]

Administrative division

According to COUNTRYAAH, Georgia is divided into 159 counties. Georgia is the state with the most counties after Texas.

County Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
County Seat Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
Appling 17.946 Baxley 4492
Atkinson 8223 Pearson 1955
Bacon 10.507 Alma 3494
Baker 3781 Newton 794
Baldwin 46.057 Milledgeville 20.039
Banks 16.556 Homer 1077
Barrow 67.139 Winder 13.599
Bartow 92.834 Cartersville 18.553
Ben Hill 17.650 Fitzgerald 9151
Berrien 16.722 Nashville 4824
Bibb 154.709 Macon 93.076
Bleckley 12.306 Cochran 4857
Brantley 15.440 Nahunta 979
Brooks 16.340 Quitman 4591
Bryan 30.132 Pembroke 2484
Bulloch 66.176 Statesboro 26.610
Burke 22.754 Waynesboro 5774
Butts 23.759 Jackson 4411
Calhoun 6098 Morgan 1548
Camden 48.689 Woodbine 1357
Candler 10.550 Metter 4272
Carroll 111.954 Carrollton 22.880
Catoosa 62.241 Ringgold 2769
Charlton 10.609 Folkston 3227
Chatham 248.469 Savannah 130.331
Chattahoochee 9430 Cusseta 9430
Chattagooga 26.797 Summerville 5004
Cherokee 204.363 Canton 21.464
Clarke 114.063 Athens 112.760
Clay 3207 Fort Gaines 1042
Clayton 272.217 Jonesboro 3911
Clinch 6992 Homerville 2813
Cobb 691.905 Marietta 67.021
Coffee 40.085 Douglas 11.290
Colquitt 44.814 Moultrie 15.199
Columbia 109.100 Appling
Cook 16.432 Adel 5399
Coweta 118.936 Newnan 28.857
Crawford 12.483 Knoxville
Crisp 22.125 Cordele 11.456
Dade 16.098 Trenton 2370
Dawson 21.484 Dawsonville 1418
Decatur 28.544 Bainbridge 12.108
DeKalb 737.093 Decatur 19.168
Dodge 20.042 Eastman 5634
Dooly 11.592 Vienna 2867
Dougherty 95.693 Albany 75.825
Douglas 124.495 Douglasville 30.098
Early 11.836 Blakely 5328
Echols 4093 Statenville
Effingham 50.728 Springfield 2085
Elbert 20.525 Elberton 4568
Emanuel 22.469 Swainsboro 7535
Evans 11.505 Claxton 2403
Fannin 22.580 Blue Ridge 1042
Fayette 106.144 Fayetteville 15.126
Floyd 95.618 Rome 36.463
Forsyth 158.914 Cumming 5842
Franklin 21.793 Carnesville 667
Fulton 992.137 Atlanta 519.145
Gilmer 28.389 Ellijay 1582
Glascock 2771 Gibson 754
Glynn 74.932 Brunswick 16.235
Gordon 52.044 Calhoun 14.520
Grady 25.042 Cairo 9697
Greene 15.662 Greensboro 3332
Gwinett 776.380 Lawrenceville 28.969
Habersham 42.272 Clarkesville 1647
Hall 180.175 Gainesville 34.818
Hancock 9568 Sparta 1312
Haralson 28.718 Buchanan 1124
Harris 29.073 Hamilton 566
Hart 24.240 Hartwell 4301
Heard 11.387 Franklin 866
Henry 186.037 McDonough 18.443
Houston 131.016 Perry 12.661
Irwin 9934 Ocilla 3166
Jackson 59.254 Jefferson 7513
Jasper 13.660 Monticello 2594
Jeff Davis 13.291 Hazlehurst 3806
Jefferson 16.454 Louisville 2641
Jenkins 8595 Millen 3472
Johnson 9533 Wrightsville 3751
Jones 27.229 Gray 2218
Lamar 16.961 Barnesville 5954
Lanier 7947 Lakeland 2804
Laurens 47.520 Dublin 17.463
Lee 33.050 Leesburg 2876
Liberty 60.503 Hinesville 30.504
Lincoln 8098 Lincolnton 1509
Long 11.300 Ludowici 1595
Lowndes 101.790 Valdosta 47.567
Lumpkin 26.554 Dahlonega 4939
Macon 13.524 Oglethorpe 1105
Madison 28.012 Danielsville 452
Marion 7024 Buena Vista 1658
McDuffie 21.551 Thomson 6793
McIntosh 11.420 Darien 1788
Meriwether 22.748 Greenville 923
Miller 6163 Colquitt 1901
Mitchell 24.139 Camilla 5703
Monroe 25.145 Forsyth 4637
Montgomery 9060 Mount Vernon 2188
Morgan 18.165 Madison 3895
Murray 40.664 Chatsworth 4157
Muscogee 187.046 Columbus 187.046
Newton 96.019 Covington 14.712
Oconee 31.367 Watkinsville 2825
Oglethorpe 13.963 Lexington 230
Paulding 127.906 Dallas 10.045
Peach 25.672 Fort Valley 8163
Pickens 30.488 Jasper 3123
Pierce 17.881 Blackshear 3478
Pike 17.204 Zebulon 1234
Polk 41.460 Cedartown 9886
Pulaski 9843 Hawkinsville 4294
Putnam 20.251 Eatonton 6766
Quitman 2666 Georgetown 1013
Rabun 16.519 Clayton 2169
Randolph 7294 Cuthbert 3492
Richmond 197.372 Augusta 192.142
Rockdale 82.052 Conyers 13.343
Schley 4123 Ellaville 1776
Screven 15.037 Sylvania 2509
Seminole 9081 Donalsonville 2719
Spalding 62.826 Griffin 23.504
Stephens 25.268 Toccoa 9133
Stewart 4647 Lumpkin 1216
Sumter 35.532 Americus 16.545
Talbot 6607 Talbotton 998
Taliaferro 1884 Crawfordville 522
Tattnall 23.179 Reidsville 2423
Taylor 8738 Butler 1825
Telfair 13.366 McRae 4379
Terrell 10.260 Dawson 4603
Thomas 45.237 Thomasville 19.000
Tift 41.610 Tifton 16.486
Toombs 27.820 Lyons 4480
Towns 10.894 Hiawassee 866
Treutlen 6938 Soperton 3243
Troup 63.535 LaGrange 27.977
Turner 9270 Ashburn 4280
Twiggs 10.280 Jeffersonville 1154
Union 20.968 Blairsville 709
Upson 27.562 Thomaston 9165
Walker 64.554 La Fayette 6890
Walton 83.144 Monroe 13.442
Ware 35.831 Waycross 14.765
Warren 5908 Warrenton 1955
Washington 20.937 Sandersville 6173
Wayne 29.046 Jesup 10.181
Webster 2245 Preston 434
Wheeler 6830 Alamo 2617
White 25.020 Cleveland 2582
Whitfield 93.379 Dalton 33.401
Wilcox 8613 Abbeville 2560
Wilkes 10.262 Washington 4037
Wilkinson 10.064 Irwinton 585
Worth 21.285 Sylvester 5726

Politics

The executive branch of the state is headed by a governor, who is directly elected by the voters in the state. The 2018 gubernatorial election was won by Republican Party Brian Kemp. He took office as governor of Georgia in January 2019.

The legislature consists of the Georgia House of Representatives (Georgia House of Representatives) with 180 members and the Georgia Senate (Georgia Senate) with 56 members.

Until the 2002 elections, the Democrats were in power (governor and both legislatures); since the 2004 elections, Republicans have held the majority.

From Georgia

  • Walter Francis White (1893-1955), burgerrechtenactivist
  • Jackie Robinson (1919-1972), baseball player
  • Jimmy Carter (1924), 39th President of the United States
  • Andrew Young (1932), politician and diplomat
  • James Brown (1933-2006), singer

Flag of Georgia