Florida (State)

State of Florida
Coordinates 28°6’NB, 81°36’WL
General
Surface 170.451 km²
(17,9% water)
Residents 19.057.542
(136,4 inhabitants/km²)
Capital city Tallahassee
Politics
Governor Ron DeSantis (R)
Other
Time zone −5 / −6
Joined 3 maart 1845
Nickname Sunshine State
ISO 3166-2 US-FL
Website myflorida.com

Florida, satellite photo, red dots are hot spots

Florida is a state of the United States. Florida is located in the southeast of the country and has a subtropical climate. This is one of the reasons why many retired Americans are settling in Florida and the population is growing rapidly. As of 2014, it is the third most populous state after California and Texas.

The name of the state is derived from the Spanish name La Florida (The Flowery), whereby the emphasis is not on the i but on the o. The most widely spoken languages ​​are English and Spanish.

Geography

Bordering Alabama and Georgia to the west, the Florida Panhandle exudes more of the Southern United States vibe than the rest of the state. The population has twice sought affiliation with Alabama. The west of the panhandle is part of the Gulf Coastal Plain. The Gulf Coast Flatwoods stretch along Apalachee Bay. On the border with Georgia stretches the Okefenokee Swamp. The Uplands are located between Jacksonville and Orlando. Beneath Tampa stretch the Southwestern Flatwoods that run through theCentral Ridges are separated from the Everglades Headwaters south of Orlando. This area of ​​central Florida has a lot of ranch ranching. The state’s largest lake is Lake Okeechobee. To the south is the Everglades swampland. The Florida Keys stretch between Miami and Key West.

Cities

According to TRACKAAH, here are top places in Florida:

  • the capital Tallahassee.
  • Jacksonville, the state’s largest city measured within city limits.
  • Miami, the largest city in the state (measured by the entire metropolitan area), is very multicultural and includes the sixth largest urban Jewish population in the world. One third of the population is of Cuban descent and around ten percent is of Western descent.
  • Orlando, known for its theme parks (including Walt Disney World Resort and Universal Orlando Resort).
  • Daytona Beach, a vacation spot known for being popular for the (sexual) excesses of young people during their spring break, location of the Daytona International Speedway where the main NASCAR race is held annually, Daytona Beach also has some beaches where cars legally allowed to drive on the beach.
  • Tampa.

Sights

The Florida Keys, a large number of small islands that rise just above sea level, stretch from Miami to the southwest. Kennedy Space Center and the nearby Cape Canaveral Air Force Station serve as launch sites for NASA, commercial and military spaceflight. Close to Orlando is the Walt Disney World Resort.

Nature

In the south you will find the Everglades National Park, a vast nature reserve. This is where the mississippial ligator, the beaked crocodile and the Florida panther live.

Florida’s waters also have the largest population of manatees. This is because the waters are generally warm. The population numbers more than 3000 of these endangered animals. The Florida Keys are the protruding parts of a coral reef. Since 1963, Key Largo has been home to John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, the United States’ first underwater park.

Administrative division

According to COUNTRYAAH, Florida is divided into 67 counties.

County Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
County Seat Inhabitants
1 July, 2007
Alachua 240.082 Gainesville 114.375
Baker 25.745 Macclenny 5813
Bay 163.984 Panama City 36.805
Bradford 28.769 Starke 5928
Brevard 536.161 Titusville 43.934
Broward 1.759.591 Fort Lauderdale 183.606
Calhoun 13.594 Blountstown 2457
Charlotte 152.814 Punta Gorda 16.619
Citrus 140.169 Inverness 7248
Clay 182.023 Green Cove Springs 6403
Collier 315.839 Naples 21.653
Columbia 67.985 Lake City 12.277
DeSoto 34.675 Arcadia 6923
Dixie 14.942 Cross City 1828
Duval 849.159 Jacksonville 805.605
Escambia 306.407 Pensacola 54.283
Flagler 88.397 Bunnell 1948
Franklin 10.030 Apalachicola 2237
Gadsden 47.197 Quincy 6881
Gilchrist 17.017 Trenton 1843
Glades 11.109 Moore Haven 1716
Gulf 14.059 Port St. Joe 3579
Hamilton 14.301 Jasper 1795
Hardee 28.830 Wauchula 4553
Hendry 39.611 Labelle 4873
Hernando 169.070 Brooksville 7919
Highlands 99.349 Sebring 10.780
Hillsborough 1.174.727 Tampa 336.823
Holmes 19.245 Bonifay 2780
Indian River 131.837 Vero Beach 16.980
Jackson 49.287 Marianna 6290
Jefferson 14.451 Monticello 2519
Lafayette 7998 Mayo 1028
Lake 301.059 Tavares 13.661
Lee 590.564 Fort Myers 64.258
Leon 260.945 Tallahassee 168.979
Levy 39.065 Bronson 1052
Liberty 7851 Bristol 931
Madison 18.957 Madison 3050
Manatee 315.108 Bradenton 53.431
Marion 324.857 Ocala 53.491
Martin 139.182 Stuart 15.964
Miami-Dade 2.387.170 Miami 409.719
Monroe 73.223 Key West 22.682
Nassau 68.450 Fernandina Beach 11.543
Okaloosa 181.499 Crestview 19.451
Okeechobee 40.311 Okeechobee 5937
Orange 1.066.113 Orlando 227.907
Osceola 255.815 Kissimmee 61.777
Palm Beach 1.266.451 West Palm Beach 99.377
Pasco 462.715 Dade City 7095
Pinellas 917.437 Clearwater 106.642
Polk 574.746 Bartow 16.818
Putnam 73.821 Palatka 10.804
Santa Rosa 147.044 Milton 8580
Sarasota 372.073 Sarasota 52.488
Seminole 409.509 Sanford 50.468
St. Johns 175.446 St. Augustine 12.284
St. Lucie 260.939 Fort Pierce 40.195
Sumter 72.246 Bushnell 2228
Suwannee 39.525 Live Oak 7184
Taylor 19.771 Perry 6801
Union 14.991 Lake Butler 1923
Volusia 500.413 DeLand 26.883
Wakulla 29.726 Crawfordville
Walton 52.881 De Funiak Springs 4976
Washington 22.886 Chipley 3727

Politics

The Florida State Capitol. In the foreground the old building from 1845 and in the background the current building from the 1970s.

The executive branch of the state is headed by a governor, who is directly elected by the voters in the state. The 2018 gubernatorial election was won by Ron DeSantis of the Republican Party. He took office as Florida governor in January 2019.

The legislature is made up of the Florida House of Representatives (Florida House of Representatives) with 120 members and the Florida Senate (Florida Senate) with 40 members.

Florida bans the right to vote for life in the event of a criminal conviction. This law was enacted in 1868, shortly after the abolition of slavery, to keep as many African Americans as possible out of the polls. In practice, because of this law, one third of the black population of the state has no right to vote. This rule applies in six more US states.

Like any state, Florida is represented in the United States Senate by two senators. One of them is from class 1, the other from class 3.

Flag of Florida