Buffalo, New York


City in the United States
State New York
Coordinates 42°53’11″NB, 78°52’41″WL
Surface 135,92 km²
– land 104,58 km²
– water 31,34 km²
(April 1, 2020)
(2662 inhabitants/km²)
Mayor Byron Brown (D)
Website buffalony.gov

According to EHUACOM, Buffalo is a city in western New York State in the United States of America. The city has more than 250,000 inhabitants, making it the second largest city in the state of New York after New York. Approximately 1.1 million people live in the entire Buffalo metropolitan area. Buffalo is located on the east side of Lake Erie, where the Niagara River begins. Buffalo takes its name not from the buffalo but from a corruption of the French word ‘Beau Fleuve’ which means ‘beautiful river’ and was eventually corrupted to ‘Buffalo’ via ‘BoFlo’.

Nicknames for Buffalo include The Queen City, The Nickel City, and The City of Good Neighbors.


In the early nineteenth century, Dutch investors bought large tracts of land in the west of the state and called this place “New Amsterdam”. However, residents chose the name Buffalo. A bronze plaque in the town hall is a reminder of this.

During the 19th and 20th centuries, Buffalo grew significantly due to the Erie Canal, railroads, and its location on Lake Erie. This provided an ample presence of fresh water and a trade route to the Midwestern United States. After an economic downturn in the second half of the 20th century, Buffalo ‘s economy has transitioned into sectors such as financial services, biomedical technology and education.


13.4 % of the population is older than 65 and 37.7 % consists of single – person households. Unemployment is 8.1 % (2000 census figures).

About 10.5% of Buffalo’s population is Hispanic and Latino, 38.6% of African origin and 3.2% of Asian origin (2010 census figures).

Buffalo reached a population peak in 1950, when the city had a population of 580,132. As a result of declining employment in the Manufacturing Belt, the number of inhabitants declined sharply. By 2015, the population had fallen to 258,071.


In January the average temperature is -4.7 °C, in July it is 21.7 °C. There is an average annual rainfall of 979.9 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).

Art and culture


  • Albright-Knox Art Gallery, a modern and contemporary art museum in Delaware Park


  • Bruce Almighty, a film about a man who can be god for a week, was shot in Buffalo


Buffalo has two sports clubs that compete in one of the top four American professional sports. It’s about:

  • Buffalo Sabers (ice hockey)
  • Buffalo Bills (American football)

Nearby places

The figure below shows nearby places within a 12 km radius of Buffalo.


Cheektowaga (7 km)

Kenmore (7 km)

Lackawanna (10 km)

Sloan (5 km)

Tonawanda (12 km)

Tonawanda (9 km)

West Seneca (10 km)

Williamsville (11 km)

Famous residents of Buffalo


See the List of people from Buffalo, New York

  • Frank W. Meacham (1850-1909), composer, arranger, teacher and bookshop
  • Herman Hollerith (1860-1929), inventor
  • Mary J. Rathbun (1860–1943), zoöloge
  • Frances Cleveland (1864–1947), wife of US President Grover Cleveland
  • William Donovan (1883-1959), attorney, general, founder of intelligence organizations
  • Henry Russell (1904-1986), athlete
  • Harold Arlen (1905-1986), musician, songwriter and musical producer
  • Gordon Bunshaft (1909–1990), architect
  • Willis Conover (1920-1996), jazz program maker
  • Nancy Marchand (1928-2000), actrice
  • Sorrell Booke (1930–1994), actor
  • Sam Noto (1930), jazz trumpeter
  • Edward Gibson (1936), astronaut
  • David Shire (1937), filmcomponist
  • Paul Siebel (1937-2022), country- a folk guitarist a singer-songwriter
  • Carol Mann (1941-2018), golf enthusiast
  • Vic Dana (1942), tapdancer, popzanger as a film actor
  • Joe Grifasi (1944), actor
  • Jeffrey Jones (1946), actor
  • Tom Mardirosian (1947), actor
  • Rick James (1948-2004), (pen name of James Johnson Jr.) fun artist, singer, musician, songwriter and record producer
  • Lizbeth Mackay (1949), actrice
  • Tim Russert (1950-2008), journalist, publicist and lawyer
  • Tom Fontana (1951), film producer and writer
  • Christine Baranski (1952), actress
  • Beverly Johnson (1952), actress, film producer and model
  • James Read (1953), actor
  • Louis Mustillo (1958), actor
  • Fredric Lehne (1959), actor
  • Josie DiVincenzo (1959), actress
  • Vincent Gallo (1962), actor, film director and musician
  • David Boreanaz (1969), actor
  • Maria Cina (1969), actress, film producer and lawyer
  • Ani DiFranco (1970), singer-songwriter, activist
  • Matt Nolan (1970), actor
  • Mark Gangloff (1982), swimmer
  • Chad Michael Murray (1981), actor

Buffalo, New York